'The future of the world hinges on the future of Africa' - Vice-Chancellor and Principal Prof Tawana Kupe speaks out on Africa Day
Today marks Africa Day and 58 years since the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was born. As the precursor to the African Union (AU), which formed in 1963, the day is an opportunity to remember and pay tribute to those who were dedicated to their cause - the liberation from colonial oppression; the economic and political integration of Africa; the restoration of dignity for every African man, woman and child. It is a day on which to celebrate our diversity and heritage and share dances, songs and traditional dress from across the continent.
This time last year, we were all at home under COVID-19 lockdown restrictions; today we are well versed in our “new unusual” yet also very aware of the reality of the third wave of infections, which Tshwane and other parts of the country have already entered into. Please be careful to observe safety protocols and avoiding meeting in groups – there will come a time when our celebrations return to something resembling pre-pandemic freedom, but for now we need to exercise perseverance and sacrifice, something which our continent’s forefathers modelled to us in their dedication to attaining freedom for our continent.
We are all very aware that Africa faces myriad complex and complicated challenges. To date, the World Health Organisation (WHO) reports 3.4 million COVID-19 cases across Africa, including 86 000 deaths. The fact that the vaccine roll-out across the continent has been delayed due to a lack of resources is just another example of African lives left at risk, or on hold, while wealthier nations hit the reset button and move forward. Much change is needed for sustainability and inclusive development to be achieved, and for Africa to thrive and become a knowledge driven society that relies on itself for solutions to its own challenges.
I have been speaking about Africa a lot recently, and for good reason. At UP, we have adopted the posture of an African university, primarily South African due to location, but as part of a continent which has an undeniable connection; socially, ecologically, and economically. We are passionate about its unbelievable richness in terms of the people, cultures, biodiversity, and environments and actively strive to address issues at a broader African scale, promoting research and networks across the continent. Our Future Africa Institute and Campus is an example of just this, and we are excited about what is being achieved in this vibrant, collaborative space which has a vision to transform the world through African research excellence.
It may sound like a bold statement, but the future of the world hinges on the future of Africa. Africa is the future, not just for Africans, but for the whole world. Why is this? Africa’s population of more than 1.3 billion will double by the middle of this century, potentially rising to four billion people by 2100 – or around one third of the world’s population. It is also the youngest population, and so we have a unique opportunity to ensure that this young, fast-growing continent, brimming with promise, provides high quality human resources to the west, which has an ageing population. This reality was discussed at the recent Nobel Prize Dialogue hosted by UP, under the topic The Future of Work. The esteemed event, which included a unique constellation of Nobel laureates, key opinion leaders, policy makers, students, researchers and the general public, was the first Nobel Prize Dialogue to be hosted in Africa; another milestone in the quest to reimagine our continent in the global context.
This evening, I will attend another significant inaugural occasion as UP and Future Africa partners with the African Genius Awards, which honour exceptional Africans that espouse the values needed to take Africa forward. Dr Falala, who founded the initiative, made the statement: “An anomaly that needs to be addressed is the rarity of the use of the words African and genius together in the same sentence”. The awards seek to promote a new narrative, elevating and celebrating outstanding individuals who possess unique skills which are having a positive impact on their communities. I am looking forward to meeting the 24 nominees, who will no doubt inspire and motivate many Africans towards superlative performance, and build up African pride, identity and genius.
The AU is guided by its vision of “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena”. I am encouraged to see so many advancements which are in complete harmony with this vision.
Our forefathers believed that the key to unlocking Africa’s potential lay in unity. I affirm that this is as true now as it was when they took up the mantle of pan-Africanism. Our struggles may look different today, but let us take heart from the many heroic acts of solidarity seen in the COVID-19 crisis, and of examples of cross-border collaboration and sharing of knowledge and resources. Let us live by the war cry that an Africa united can overcome even the greatest of challenges.
Professor Tawana Kupe is Vice-Chancellor and Principal of the University of Pretoria. Africa Day is celebrated annually on 25 May.
This article has been edited to reflect the correct statistics for COVID-19 cases and deaths across Africa as reported by WHO.
The University of Pretoria (UP) is a seven-campus public university with its largest campus in the heart of Hatfield, the picturesque diplomatic hub of South Africa's capital city. We're proud to stand among the world's leading research universities.